Drummond, Phillips homes preserved through OHS

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Built in 1905, the Drummond Home in Hominy is one of the former residential sites displayed through the Oklahoma Historical Society. MIKE ERWIN/JOURNAL-CAPITAL

Before moving to Pawhuska in 1886, Scottish immigrant Fred Drummond had worked cattle in Texas and been a clerk for a St. Louis mercantile firm.

Drummond bought a partnership in the mercantile company in 1890. At about the same time, he married Addie Gentner of Coffeyville, Kan. Forming the Hominy Trading Co., and expanded his operations to include ranching, banking and real estate. In 1905, the Drummonds built a three-story, neoclassical-style house in Hominy.

Drummond Home earned a place on the National Register in 1980, the same year it was purchased by the Oklahoma Historical Society. The Drummond Home is one of several famous former residences kept open to the public.

In Bartlesville, the 26-room neoclassical mansion of Frank Phillips was completed in 1909 and donated to OHS in 1973.

Phillips was an Iowa barber-turned-salesman. He entered the oil business with his brother Lee in 1903 and they drilled their first gusher in 1905, near Dewey. The Phillips’ brothers organized Citizens Bank and Trust and purchased the Bartlesville National Bank before merging the two in 1911. Six years later, they consolidated their holdings and incorporated the Phillips Petroleum Co.

The creator of the Cherokee syllabary, Sequoyah, moved with his family from Alabama to northwest Arkansas in 1824 before eventually settling in 1829 to near Fort Gibson, in what is now Oklahoma. Their final move followed an 1828 treaty that removed 600 Cherokee families from Arkansas.

“Originally, Sequoyah was to settle on Lee’s Creek, but instead he relocated his family nine miles further south on Skin Bayou,” said Jerry Dobbs, who manages Sequoyah’s Cabin for the state historical group.

The reason for Sequoyah’s move to Skin Bayou is unknown, but Dobbs suspects “hostility over the removal forced him to withdraw to a secluded location until tempers abated.” The scholarly Cherokee lived there until his death in 1843.

“Sequoyah was one of the first immigrants to settle in historic homes preserved in Oklahoma,” said the OHS director, Dr. Bob Blackburn.

“Visitors can enjoy these homes and learn how families often survived the difficulties of pioneer immigration to play dramatic roles in the development of Oklahoma,” Blackburn added.

“The developers of all of these preciously preserved historic properties continued to lead the development of what is now Oklahoma in their own ways,” Blackburn said.“Their leadership is important to us to this day.

“We encourage visitors to enjoy their historic homes and learn about the importance of their leadership to us more than a century later,” he added.

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